Behavioural Views in Environmentalism

Behavioural Views in Environmentalism
3/2015 (ročník / volume 12)
During the last decade, the position of the environmental movement both in the Czech Republic and globally can be described as growingly defensive. According to Binka (2013), we’ve witnessed various approaches and reactions to this situation which have one thing in common: they are rather useless when we aspire to change the situation. As a more appropriate strategy, Binka suggests developing a more critical and empirically based approach – strengthening the research-based environmentalism embedded in social sciences and also focusing specifically on the process of transmission and communication of environmental issues to a broader audience. Taking this suggestion to heart, this special issue provides nine exclusively empirical studies all researching in one way or another non-trivial relations between environmentally relevant human behaviour, stated preferences, environmental attitudes and more general environmental values and ethical positions. This issue thus brings a very diverse picture in terms of 1) different methodologies (not only qualitative or quantitative but often mixed approaches allowing for a more complex description and understanding of the studied phenomena); 2) a varying scope ranging from particular activities and related individual motivations to European-wide statistical pools covering representative samples of EU citizens; and 3) a diverse scale ranging from the specifically Czech context to comparisons with European and in one case the US milieu as well.

Editorial
Behavioural Views in Environmentalism
Eva Fraňková Dostalík Jan Škapa Radoslav

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Articles
Self-provisioning, Sustainability and Environmental Consciousness in Brno Allotment Gardens
Lucie Sovová
This paper seeks to contribute to the topic of alternative food production, which has attracted the attention of both scholars and practitioners in the last years, together with the increasingly stronger critique of the current food system. In the past, allotment gardens played an important role in cities’ food self-sufficiency, however they are often omitted from the current food production debate. In the Czech Republic, as well as other Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries, food selfprovisioning is still widespread.
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Motivation for Environmental Direct Action in the Czech Republic: The Case of the 2011 Blockade at the Šumava National Park
Vojtěch Pelikán Librová Hana
This article is a case study of the most significant Czech environmental direct-action over the past few years – the blockade that was to stop the logging taking place in a wilderness zone of the Šumava National Park in the summer 2011. The empirical findings draw on two surveys that were carried out among the blockade participants more than a year apart. The article focuses on the participants’ motivation. The types of motivation are analyzed by the three types of motivation categories as they are formulated in normative ethics: teleological, deontological, and virtue ethics.

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The Environmental Impact of Singles’ Consumer Behaviour: Is the Lifestyle of Singles Inevitably Environmentally More Damaging?
Lukáš Kala
Population research in Western countries shows a rising number of singles living in oneperson households. The increase in one-person households is likely to accelerate consumption, deplete resources and degrade nature. Current studies show that solo-living consumes more land, energy, goods and materials per person than living in shared housing. However, even though these rapid demographical changes are having a serious effect on the environment, researchers have not examined the environmental aspects of singlehood in much detail.

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Czech Greenpeace Donors and the Barriers to their Climate-Friendly Household Behaviour
Jan Krajhanzl Skalík Jan
In the decades to come, global climate change poses a significant environmental, social, and economic threat. Among the various strategies that are being implemented to reduce this threat are those that focus on decreasing greenhouse gas emissions by supporting the climate-friendly behaviour of the general public. The present study is focused on Czech Greenpeace donors.

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Examining the Relationship between Environmental Attitudes and Behaviour in Education Programmes
Bruce Johnson Činčera Jan
Changing attitudes toward the environment has long been a goal of education programmes focused on helping students change their environmental behaviour. The relationship between environmental attitudes and personal behaviour changes, however, is complex. The purpose of the present study was to explore these relationships in two groups of children who participated in an earth education programme Earthkeepers, which was designed to affect both attitudes and behaviour.

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Connecting to Nature in the Lab through “Earth Song”: The Malleability of Implicit and Explicit Attitudes towards Nature
Tomáš Chabada Hampejs Tomáš Skalík Jan
The focus of our empirical study was to determine whether a short laboratory-based intervention manipulating the self-nature relation through a new construct of environmental problem salience is capable of causing a situational change in implicit and explicit attitudes towards nature. We were interested in how the self would connect itself to the state of nature portrayed as a threatening problem for which the self is possibly responsible.

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What Shapes the Temperatures of Living Rooms in Three European Regions?
Jan Vávra Peters Vera Lapka Miloslav
The paper presents results of a study of heating habits (particularly the reported temperature in the living room during the heating season) in three EU regions: Aberdeenshire in Scotland, Brandenburg state in Germany, and South Bohemia in the Czech Republic. Data were collected using a questionnaire study carried out in 2010. There were approximately 500 respondents in each region. Three types of data are analysed: socio-demographics (including gender, age, education, income); housing characteristics (e.g.

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The Influence of Biographical Situational Factors upon Environmental Activist Behaviour: Empirical Evidence from CEE Countries
Audronė Telešienė Balžekienė Aistė
This study aims to provide an empirically verified exploration of factors influencing environmental activist behaviour. The authors focus on the determinants of personal environmental activist behaviour as a characteristic of the culturally specific group of Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. A two-stage model of the biographical availability thesis is explored. Results reveal evident regional differences in patterns of public-sphere environmental behaviours across Europe.

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Acceptability of Environmental Policies in the Czech Republic: A Comparison with Willingness to Make Economic Sacrifices
Eva Kyselá
This study aims to identify factors which influence the acceptability of environmental policies and to examine policy acceptability in comparison to willingness to make economic sacrifices for environmental protection. Data for the Czech Republic from the International Social Survey Programme Environment module from 2010 are analysed using regression analysis. Environmental concern, preferences for the role of the state in environmental protection, and trust toward politicians have been identified as factors influencing policy acceptability.

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