The Initial Years of Motherhood and Fatherhood as Perceived by Expectant Parents: The Division of Care and Paid Work

RUBRIKA: Articles

Klíčová slova/Key words:

ENGLISH: Fatherhood, motherhood, Czech Republic, parenthood, work and childcare



This study provides an outline of plans and norms regarding the first years of fatherhood and motherhood and focuses on the division of care and paid work between Czech parents. It is based on 32 interviews conducted with expectant parents from dual-earner heterosexual couples. The ideals and plans of the expectant parents embedded in real life options were studied and analysed in order to identify various care models to be employed over the first three years of parenthood. In all three principal care models revealed by the study sample, the fathers continued to work full time while the plans of the mothers were more varied. The models were classified as 1) the long-term full-time mother care model, 2) the longterm part-time mother care model, and 3) the short-term mother care model. The intra-couple comparative analysis revealed common discrepancies between the plans of the partners regarding the employment of the mother and the use of non-parental childcare. Expectant fathers more often professed traditional conservative views than their female partners.

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